Types of Coffee Beans

So you want to learn more about your favorite caffeinated (or non-caffeinated depending upon your preference) beverage? Well you have come to the right place! In this informative coffee blog, we are going to discuss the different types of coffee beans and the difference between them. So put on your learning cap and pour yourself a warm cup of Joe – school is in session!

Creating the perfect cup of coffee comes down to a number of factors, including equipment, brewing method, and technique. Of course, none of that matters if you do not have the one crucial ingredient – the right coffee bean.

But what exactly is the right coffee bean? For that matter, what are the different types of coffee beans and what makes one better than the other? We seek to answer these very questions in the following paragraphs!

Types of Coffee Beans

While there are many varieties of coffee beans in the world, when it comes to the coffee we drink and love everyday, there are really only two coffee bean types that really matter. These two superstars are known as Arabica and Robusta, and together, they make up the majority of the coffee brewed each and everyday around the world.

Arabica Coffee Beans

The name Arabica comes from the region in which Arabica beans were first grown and were originally indigenous to – namely Yemen and Indonesia. These particular beans have, of course, spread from these two countries, and are now grown in numerous regions around the globe, and each region adds its own unique flavor and aroma thanks to their unique climates and soil types.

Arabica is known as being a higher quality bean, and comprises roughly 70% of the coffee in today’s market. It is difficult to grow, requiring temperatures of about 68 degrees. In addition, they must be grown 3,000 feet above sea level.

Arabica is more difficult to grow than its counterpart, due in part to the fact that it has half the caffeine of Robusta (the other major type of coffee bean). Since caffeine is a natural pesticide, the lower amount of caffeine makes Arabica more open to both disease and insect invasions.

From a taste perspective, Arabica beans are usually sweet, with notes of fruit and sugar at their core.

Robusta Coffee Beans

Robusta coffee beans can trace their origin back to Africa, and today are grown primarily in three countries: Africa, Brazil, and Vietnam. This type of coffee bean is considered to be a lower quality than Arabica, though there are some higher quality Robusta beans on the market.

Robusta is considerably easier to grow, as it does not face the same strict temperature and elevation requirements that Arabica beans do. In addition, because Robusta beans have twice the amount of caffeine, they are more resistant to insect damage.

When looking at taste, Robusta – as the name suggests – is more robust than Arabica coffee, and is often described as both harsh and bitter. At its core, Robusta beans have notes of nut, earthiness, and grains.