Types of Bottled Water

There is nothing quite like a nice refreshing glass of ice cold water – there is something about the natural purity of nature’s finest liquid that puts it leagues above those powdered, sugary drinks other beverage companies try to pass off as “thirst quenching”. Water stands on its own without the need of additives and “taste enhancers”. You may be under the impression that all water is the same, but – despite what some would have you believe – not all water is created equal. With that in mind, this blog post is going to look at the different types of bottled water and what names like artesian, mineral, sparkling, and spring water really mean.

Understanding Types of Bottled Water

Because bottled water is considered a food product, it falls under the domain of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and as such, must comply to strict standards and labeling regulations. Part of these water standards call for bottled water to be classified by type and in fact, for delicious H20 to be considered “bottled water”, it must adhere to a set definition defined by the FDA.

To earn the label of bottled water, water manufacturers must ensure that their water product does not contain any sweeteners, chemical additives, calories, or sugar. While flavors and essences are permitted, they must total less than 1% of the bottled water’s weight.

In addition, bottled water must follow stringent labeling rules, including classification of water types (which we will discuss below) and even a method for consumers to contact the water company if they wish to learn more about the source, any treatment methods used, and water quality specifications.

So what are these different types of bottled water? Let’s take a deeper look.

What Are the Different Types of Bottled Water

There are several standard types of bottled water, including:

  • Artesian water
  • Fluoridated
  • Mineral water
  • Purified water
  • Sparkling water
  • Spring water

Let’s start off with the first type of bottled water on our list – artesian water.

What Is Artesian Water

Artesian water (named after the former French province Artois and the artesian wells created by Carthusian monks) is essentially ground water that is trapped and pressurized between several layers of impermeable rock and/or clay. This pressure, once tapped by a well, causes the artesian water to ascend to the top of its confined aquifer and in some instances, onto land.

What is Fluoridated Water

Some types of water – chiefly those designed for nursery or infant use, contain fluoride – one of three types of chemical compounds added to this type of water in an effort to assist with dental health. This type of water is also known as fluoridated.

What is Mineral Water

As the name suggests, bottled mineral water is water that originates from an underground source and contains naturally occurring (due to its environment) minerals. By FDA regulations, mineral water must come by its “minerals” naturally, and not by the addition of a water manufacturer.

What is Purified Water

Bottled purified water – also known as demineralized water – is water that undergoes several processes – such as distillation and reverse osmosis – to remove impurities and preserve (or instill) a level of purity in an effort to minimize the amount of trace contaminants and naturally occurring minerals found in other types of water.

What is Sparkling Water?

Sparkling water – also known as soda water, club soda, and seltzer water – is essentially water that has been infused with carbon dioxide to add carbonation or “fizziness” – traits commonly associated with carbonated beverages like soda.

What is Spring Water?

Bottled spring water consists of H20 that “springs” forth from an underground spring, naturally flowing to the surface, at which point it is collected.